Removing parts of a plant or tree in order to keep it healthy is called pruning. This usually involves the removal of shoots and branches, roots, flowers and seed pods and is necessary to ensure a healthy, thriving plant.
Various companies that provide tree services often provide pruning services as well, should you be unsure of how to prune any specific plant. In this case, it might be a better choice to employ someone as pruning does wound the plant, even though these wounds seal.
However, if you don’t have the budget for Sydney tree services, there are a few basics that can be learned in order to ensure the plant stays healthy for as long as possible.
Best practice pruning guidelines suggest not pruning branches up to the trunk, for instance, as this can be harmful to the tree by removing the branch collar (swollen trunk tissue formed around the branch) and/or going behind the bark ridge.
Some other tips include:
• Removing diseased, damaged parts
• Removing crossing branches that interfere with one another
• Controlling the size of your plant to be in better proportion to your landscape
• Remove dead or low limbs that prove hazardous to passers by
Some benefits of pruning include:
• Controlling younger plants that grow beneath the structure branches
• Stronger trees and plants
• Healthier plants
• Plants that flower and carry fruits abundantly
• Rejuvenates old trees
When attempting to prune a tree or plant, there are some basic tools that will be needed for the exercise, depending on the specific plant that needs pruning.
These tools include:
• Hand pruners (bypass or anvil)
• Lopping shears
• Pruning saw
• Pole pruner
• Chain saw
• Hedge clippers
The type of tools you use will differ according to the plant that needs to be maintained. However, it is important to always use quality clean, effective tools as these will often last much longer and make the exercise easier and quicker.
Before pruning, always sharpen and oil blades before using them, while cleaning with rubbing alcohol beforehand to prevent disease.
Pruning should be done at specific periods in the plant’s life and in varying intervals depending on the function of the pruning. Over-pruning is not recommended, as this may prevent buds from forming. This may also cause strong shoots to grow if done when the plant is dormant. This will, in turn, cause water sprouts which attracts various pests and diseases.
Pruning is an exercise that can be therapeutic when done properly; however, it is advised that you gain the knowledge and skills needed to do so beforehand in order to prevent damage to plants.